Site Loading

Tongrentang: Inheritance and Watching of Chinese Medicine Processing Technology

Tongrentang: Inheritance and Watching of Chinese Medicine Processing Technology
Chinese medicine processing is one of the important processes of Chinese medicine production, and the processing process is also an important transformation related to the quality of Chinese medicine.From Tong Ren Tang’s ancient adage that “the processing is complicated, it must not dare to save labor, and the taste is expensive, it will not dare to reduce material resources”. It is not serious. The processing technology is an important part in the production of traditional Chinese medicine.In essence, the processing of Chinese medicine is still a “technical work”, and the experience formed over many years is quite rare.At the celebration of the 350th anniversary of the founding of the antique Tongrentang brand in December 2019, Liang Daxue, a well-known herbal medicine processing master, won the “Tongrentang Contribution Award”.The master, who is watching this “handicraft”, from the original apprentice to a master, is also using the method of apprenticeship to pass on this skill.Liang Daxue: It is lucky to do the processing work. Doing a good job in processing is to use Liang Daxue (third from left) to study and guide the processing equipment.Three-year apprenticeship, lay the foundation for the preparation of living. 70-year-old Liang Daxue lives in an old residential building near the North Fourth Ring Road. There is no elevator in the building. She lives on the sixth floor. She has no problem getting up and down every day.I dare to believe that the old man in front of him is a rare age.Liang Daxue, who has been retired for many years, now has to take care of his wife. In her spare time, she will also recall that she has been dealing with Chinese medicine for half a lifetime.She always felt that she was lucky.In 1962, Liang Daxue, who had just entered Tongrentang, caught up with the factory and began to focus on cultivating talents for medicinal materials processing. She and 36 other co-workers were fortunate to be this group.According to the rules of the Chinese medicine industry, all this begins with apprentices, while learning practical operations with the master, and taking three and a half days of cultural lessons every week to learn professional knowledge such as identification and processing of Chinese herbal medicines.This state lasted for three years.Liang Daxue felt that it was precisely these three years of experience that laid a solid foundation for medicinal materials.Until now, Liang Daxue’s memory of the apprentice was still very clear. In the study of different work groups, the experience of the wax skin group made Liang Daxue’s memory deepest: “Now a large number of traditional Chinese medicines are directly packed in plastic spherical shells.More wax wax is used later.There was no heating at that time, and we went to work at 8 in the morning. Our apprentices had to arrive at the factory at 6 in the morning to catch the fire before the master came.You can’t cut wax skin without a fire.”Wax dipping is a technical job. The worker’s operation determines the thickness of the wax skin, and the wax skin is quite technical.” Can’t cut the counterpart, you must cut the wrong mouth, you can only stagger a little bit, and then the wax skin is dried and placed.After the medicine, it must be hot.After ironing, add another layer of wax.”Describes the apprenticeship experience of the year, Liang Daxue said, all this sounds simple, but it is actually a work of art.In Liang Daxue’s words, the process of cutting the skin and dipping the wax, followed the master every day to learn, can be done in about four months.Thanks to the focus on cultivating these people in the factory, Liang Daxue and fellow workers of the same period had the opportunity to study in the rotation of the main team in the factory.Later, Liang Daxue was assigned to the processing group, she said it was her luck.In her view, in determining the quality of traditional Chinese medicine, in addition to medicinal materials, the processing process is crucial.The reason why processing is important, Liang Daxue gave an example to reporters. Rehmannia glutinosa is divided into raw rehmannia and radix rehmanniae. The raw land can be directly used for medicine and has the effect of cooling blood to stop bleeding. The cooked land needs to be processed and the taste is different from the raw land.Has a tonic effect.Later, Liang Daxue entered the speculation group, “All the medicinal materials needed for Tongrentang’s finished medicines must be processed in the speculation group.”After arresting the opportunity to go to school” three years later, the lucky group came to Liang Daxue’s head again. At that time, she was still very young among the co-workers. She was elected as the leader of the group, and once lucky, Liang Daxue was upset.”I’m afraid I can’t do it, I don’t understand a lot of things. Too many operations look simple, and getting started is not so serious.”Liang Daxue couldn’t find another way, he could only take the lead.When the masters were operating, Liang Daxue was watching carefully. “Let’s talk about the forging medicine. I watched the master’s operation next to me, and I knew how much I wanted to forge.”When I came home at night, Liang Daxue recorded what he observed during the day,” otherwise, it might only be done once in more than ten years. By then, I will definitely not be able to remember it, and I still have to write it down.”Liang Daxue has always believed that asking questions, learning, and devotion are the greatest advantages of his work.Hot horse money is a very important experience in the processing process, the key is to master the temperature of the sand and the processing time, the master generally does not indicate a clear temperature range, and more depends on experience.When I met the teacher during the work, Liang Daxue was using a thermometer to measure the temperature next to him, and gradually began to master the appropriate temperature range of sand and the technique of hot horses. Liang Daxue described himself as having learned it with his heart.After 1976, Liang Daxue began to work in the quality department, specializing in processing, and began to take apprentices until he retired from Tongrentang in 2002. Although he no longer worked in the front line manually, as long as there was an opportunity, the scene of the processing of medicinal materials can always be seen.To the figure of Liang Daxue.”I took the opportunity to go to school.”Liang Daxue described himself like this.The processing process will affect the medicinal efficacy of the medicinal materials. It is necessary to master the commonly used processing methods of about 200 kinds of medicinal materials, and to ensure that the level of the medicinal materials processed each time is stable. This is the major difficulty of the processing.For sesame seeds, it is not difficult to fry a pot. It is guaranteed that every pot of sesame seeds that is cooked out will be cooked all the time, and the time is just right. There is no obvious difference. This is the difficulty.Liang Daxue, who had retired in 2002, did n’t really leave her job until 2005. In the past three years, she compiled the Tongrentang processing specifications based on her decades of work experience and tried to use this method to integrate her experience.Handed down.Yu Baochi: In the end, this job is for young people, and it must be passed on to Yu Baochi to show the skills of ginseng to reed.Zi Bao inherited his father ‘s career, from apprenticeship to Chinese medicine processing representative Yu Baochi. It ‘s no surprise that he started the Chinese medicine industry in the army. He was born in a family of Chinese medicine. His father worked in the Chinese medicine in the army.Identification, efficacy, etc. are quite familiar. Under the influence of such a family, Yu Baochi entered the Beijing Tongrentang Pharmaceutical Factory in 1980.In 1981, Tongrentang cooperated with Beijing Medical Corporation Staff Technical College to hold a Chinese medicine secondary school class. After two years of studying in the secondary school class, Yu Baochi returned to the factory again and continued to work on the processing of Chinese medicine.The processing of Chinese medicinal materials has high requirements for the staff ‘s experience and the work itself is very bitter. Steaming, frying, moxibustion, calcination, etc. are all methods of processing and processing of medicinal materials. It is normal to deal with fire, knives, and shears. Smoke during operationHuo Liao does not say, hot, frozen is more commonplace.Yu Baochi said that the preparation of traditional Chinese medicines requires special care and conscientiousness. Imagine that “Materia Medica” said, “Every medicine is made, it is moderately expensive, if it is less, the effect is hard to find, and if it is too much, the smell will be lost.”A side depiction of medicinal materials.Taking cutting medicine as an example, some rhizomes and peel medicinal herbs usually need to be cut, such as orange peel. When cutting medicines, it is necessary to ensure that the herbs are moist, but to what extent should they be wet, both can reach the degree suitable for cutting, And can retain the medicinal ingredients supplementally. This test is the experience and skill of the crafter. Yu Baochi concluded: “Twist, there is no feeling that it cannot be screwed, but it should not be too soft. If it is very soft, it means the medicinal materialsJust soaked, three-point soaking, seven-point running is best.”Forged medicine is also an important technique for processing. If the forged medicine is improper, some medicine that should be forged into charcoal will be forged into ash once the fire is too large, and the medicinal materials will lose their efficacy.Taking the calcined silk cotton charcoal as an example, the calcination process should be carried out under the state of oxygen depletion. Usually, the silk wool is fluffy and placed in the pot of the calcined medicine. The top of the pot needs to be deducted. The gap between the two pots needs to be used.Wet mud sealing, in the process of heating the calcined medicine, the gap will be out of the gas, and then need to be sealed with wet mud until it no longer emerges, continue heating.According to Yu Baochi, the key to the process is to stick to it. An empirical approach is to put a piece of white paper on the top of the pot above the white paper, and put a few grains of rice on the white paper. After heating, the rice grains become brown, indicating that the medicine is calcined.The fire is suitable.After forging the medicine, let it cool naturally, and then withdraw the medicinal materials. “This is a work, and you must wait for the forging pot to cool naturally.”” It has been 39 years since I opened the studio and inherited the skills of processing traditional Chinese medicine. Yu Baochi is familiar with many kinds of traditional Chinese medicinal materials and their medicinal standards, and masters the processing methods and quality standards of all traditional Chinese medicinal materials in Tongrentang.Since October 2004, Yu Baochi has been employed by Beijing Tongrentang Group Company as an expert of the Expert Committee for two consecutive years and is a representative of traditional processing technology of Tongrentang Chinese herbal medicine.The study of the processing technology of traditional Chinese medicine has inherited the experience of its predecessors twice, and innovation is also very important.As a traditional processing technology, “making sand” has been almost lost in recent years. Around 2004, sand has been a rarely used and processed medicinal material, and the masters who have mastered the technology have basically retired.In the absence of the previous experience and production equipment, Yu Baochi consulted many documents and books, continuously analyzed the characteristics of the process, manually drawn equipment drawings, and after repeated research and testing, the final design was made.The sand equipment solves this cannonball problem and allows this skill to continue.The processing of traditional Chinese medicine is a relatively unpopular field. It is really boring for beginners. In recent years, the relocation of the factory area, the teachers have gradually restored, etc., the production capacity has increased, and the shortage of workers in the processing of medicinal materials has been highlighted. This is Yu Bao.Both Chi and Tongrentang already have problems.The Beijing-level Yu Baochi Chief Technician Studio for Chinese Medicine Processing, established in 2013, also took on the task of training processing talents, “This work is still young, and after industrial production, many traditional operations are no longer practical.Used, but these traditional skills are part of the excellent culture of the Chinese nation and must be passed on.”Said Yu Baochi.From Bao Chi’s point of view, Zungu is not ancient, and innovation is not apart. Only in this way can traditional Chinese medicine fully play its role.Sauna, Night Net Editor Zhang Xiulan Yue Qingxiu proofreading Li Shihui

Close